Next: How would your conpeople respond to US law saying that virtually all mind-altering substances (drugs) are illegal?
Rassoleans would recognise that alcohol falls under this category and think them stupidly hypocritical. Other than that, Rassoleans routinely drink and toke as part of their culture and even religion. It is common belief/knowledge marijuana relaxes the soul and opens the mind, and that the release of inhibitions thanks to alcohol allows people to socialise better with both friends, family and strangers, and as their culture emphasises hospitality both substances are seen as positive.
They would see America's (and most other Nation's) laws restricting their use as making people cold and distant, discouraging social activity.
Ankuati have yet to develop strong alcohol, only using it to either purify water in times of plague or as part of religious ceremonies. Hemp and marijuana on the other hand have been in use since they first became agriculturalists, and cannabis has entirely taken on the role of alcohol in Earth societies.
They would respond in one of two ways: by trying to understand the reasons behind the laws, and/or simply challenge/kill anyone who dared try to make them follow the laws.
Considering your conpeople to be barbaric, backwards, and lawless, the UN sends in aid workers and troops to "help" by installing a puppet state, opening schools, and enforcing cultural westernization. How do they respond?
Rassoleans would happily use/take over whatever infrastructure they introduced, and they'd take the interesting or useful bits of westernisation (so long as they didn't violate Rassolean culture or laws) and incorporate them into their own society, but everything else they'd either ignore or rebel against.
Ankuati would immediately respond with violence; "Who the fuck are these foreignors trying to invade without so much as meeting us on the battlefield? Look, they're even building on our land now!" They probly wouldn't have minded aid workers trying to distribute goods in the bazaar, but once they knew they were allied with the people ruining their cities and trying to enforce laws, they would just kill them and take their stuff.
Let's say a typical young man or woman from your conculture is going to a university/college in America (or some comparable developed country). What would they major in? Why?
(Assuming universities were explained to them first)
A Rassolean would probly major in economics, music or computing; the first two they'd be able to bring back to Rassoly with ease, the last would just fascinate them as they don't have any technology comparable to it.
An Ankuati would major in literature, maths, philosophy or music, in that order. Storytelling is a favourite past time, they are the first civilisation on their continent to study maths and are quite proud of it, and they haven't explored philosophy much yet but they'd be interested all the same. Music ties in with storytelling.Next: Your conpeople/person sees how dependant people are on (cel)phones.