More of a minor reform of Esperanto/Ido reform/dialect than a legit conlang. I am more than content if this doesn't catch on in any way whatsoever, I am not being sarcastic. Constructed criticism/questions are always accepted and Urusirian isn't dead. If you speak Esperanto/Ido fluently, let me know what you think the red passage
on the third installment translates to (don't read the grammar first). Done simply out of boredom.
|======================================================================|Phonology and Orthography
/m n (ŋ~ŋg)/ m n ng or ñ or ň
/p b t d k g/ p b t d k g
/ts dz tʃ dʒ/ c j ch/č jh/ǰ
/f v s z ʃ ʒ (x) h/ f v s z sh/š zh/ž x h
/w l r j/ w l r j
/ɑ~a~æ e~ɛ i~ɪ~ɨ o~ɔ~ø~ɵ~œ~ɒ u~ʊ~ʌ~ʉ~ɯ~y~ʏ/ a e i o u
/aj ej oj uj aw ew iw ow/ ay ey oy uy aw ew iw ow
1. The vowels' preferred (tense) pronunciation is the far left phoneme (e.g. (a~i) is preferably [a]), the phoneme immediately to the right of that is the preferred lax/alternate pronunciation (if any). The rest are acceptable alternate variations of the same phoneme. All vowels can be /ə/ when unstressed.
2. Any rotic sound will do for /r/, likewise any lambdic sound will do for /l/.
3. ' separates digraphs, tremas separate diphthongs. Marked letters are always preferred over their digraph counterparts, unless they are absent in your unicode character selection.
4. <Qq> is only used in names, such as 'Qofo (or Quo)' (the name of the letter itself) and is pronounced /k/ usually and various other phonemes according to etymology.
Phonotactics and Sandhi are the same as in Esperanto, except eng can be word-initial [mostly in loans]. Punctuation is as in English, but capitalization only occurs in proper nouns- such as places. Arabic numerals can take the place of written numbers any time.
Stress is unregulated, but preferably on the pentiultimate syllable.
The numeral system used is long scale (10^12= One Billion). The metric date and measuring systems (but the weekday can be written as part of the date; e.g. 7/R/7/12= Thursday, July 7, 2012) is used. The decimal point is the comma.
Letter names are officially based off simplified Semitic~Greek forms to avoid confusion, but colloquially the vowels are the pronunciation of said vowel for vowels (e.g. A=A) and the consonants are the sound said consonant makes plus 'o' (e.g. Be=Bo). Official names are below (the final vowel can be dropped).
*Capital Jho should have a caron in writing, it only retains the Esperanto circumflex due to lack of font support.
======= Grammar Part 1Nouns
Nouns are grouped by case and number.
Singular Plural Collective
Nominative -o -oy -oa
Accusative -on -oyn -ona
Dative -os -oys -osa
1.Nominative denotes the subject, Accusative marks direct objects, and Dative marks indirect objects.
2.Collective nouns don't require an article before them.
3.Final -o in the nominative singular can be dropped for the noun infinitive (and is ALWAYS dropped when adding suffixes beginning with a vowel) and cases can be united as long as S(ubject) V(erb) D(irect)O(bject) I(ndirect)O syntax is used. Articles
El/La - Definite, La is before consonants and El is before vowels.
Un/Uno- Indefinite, Uno is before consonants and Un is before vowels.Adverbs
-e, as in Esperanto