/p b t d k g/ <p b t d k g>
/m n ŋ/ <m n ŋ>
/f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ/ <f v th dh s z sh zh>
/ɾ l j ʋ/ <r l y w>
/i iː ɪ u uː/ <i ii i u uu>
/e eː ɛ o oː ɔ/ <e ee e o oo o>
/a aː/ <a aa>
Vowels, nasals, fricatives and l can be long or short; long versions are geminated. e/ɛ and o/ɔ are allophones, but I haven't quite nailed down which is used when.
i/ɪ and æ/aɛ are in free variation.
Stress is consistent and follows two rules.
1. If a word has an even number of syllables, stress is on the first one, unless the second syllable's vowel is geminated; in that case, it's on the second.
2. If it has an uneven number, stress is on the second, unless the third syllable's vowel is geminated; in that case, it's on the third.
Nereifa's syllable structure is (C)(C)V(V)(C)(C), but many CC combinations aren't allowed in either coda, onset or both.
(This is a bit of a work in progress, so the list won't be complete as I post this.)
Geminated consonants may also start a syllable.
There are no noun classes and nouns are inherently ungendered, but there are suffixes for specifying if something's male or female.
yirem [ˈji.ɾɛm] person (ungendered)
yirengi [jiˈɾɛŋ.ɡi] male person
yiremyo [jiˈɾɛm.jo] female person
These suffixes are only really used when it's necessary to specify. It's perfectly normal to refer to someone as yirem even if you know their gender, for example; in fact, constantly using the suffixes would sound awkward and unnatural.
Nereifa utilises a case system; I'm still tweaking it, but so far there's an unmarked nominative, a genitive, an accusative, a comitative, an agentive and several different locative and directional cases.
In addition to case, nouns are also marked for number, with a singular and plural form. Articles are definite and indefinite and inflect for plural and case.
Singular: tokori [suj to.ˈko.ɾi]
Plural: tokorae [ˈsu.na to.ˈko.ɾaɛ] or [toˈko.ɾæ]
The nominative marks the subject of the sentence.
Daibuka sui tokori.
eat.PASS DEF meal.NOM
The meal is eaten.
Singular: tokoreli [dja ˈto.ko.ɾe.li]
Plural: tokoraeli [ˈde.ve ˈto.ko.ɾaɛ.li] or [ˈto.ko.ɾæ.li]
The genitive is used for many different things. Possession, of course, but it can also be used as a way to address others as well as miscellaneous uses in various expressions. It's noteworthy that the genitive does not replace the article in Nereifa; in English sentences like "the person's meal", the second article is dropped. This is not allowed in Nereifa.
When a genitive noun is used in a vocative tense, the article is dropped. The noun is then attached to the pronoun referring to the adressee.
sede tokoreli sui daibia
The meal's eater.
Daibaya renveigeli neme so tokoreor.
eat.IMP boy.GEN 2SG DEF meal.ACC
Eat the meal, boy.
Avui raiya sede ourigeli sui aize.
past_aux.3SG be.PART DEF traveller DEF state.
I used to be a traveller.
Singular: tokoreor [suj toˈko.ɾeɔɾ]
Plural: tokoraeor [ˈsu.na ˈto.ko.ɾa.eɔɾ]
The accusative marks the direct object of a sentence.
Example: Daibou re so tokoreor.
I eat the meal.
Singular: tokoramu [ˈto.ko.ɾa.mu]
Plural: tokoraemu [ˈto.ko.ɾaɛ.mu] or [ˈto.ko.ɾæ.mu]
The comitative has a different declination if the noun is animate:
kaidime [kajˈdi.me] an animal kept for its meat
Singular: kaidimivu [ˈkaj.di.mi.vu]
Plural: kaidimaevu [ˈkaj.di.maɛ.vu] or [ˈkaj.di.mæ.vu]
Shiemou re sei syatamu.
I work with the tool.
Daibou re saer ileyivu.
I eat with my sister.
Singular: yiremyofen [ˈji.ɾe.mjo.fɛn] by the woman/because of the woman
Plural: yiremyaefen [ˈji.ɾe.mjæ.fɛn] by the women/because of the women
There are two uses of the agentive: Naming the agent in a passive sentence, and in active sentence causatives.
Daibuka sui tokori sifyirenfen.
eat.PASS DEF meal DEF person.AGENT
The meal is eaten by the person.
Daibou re so tokoreor sifyirenfen.
eat.1SG 1SG DEF.ACC meal.ACC DEF.AGENT_person.AGENT
I eat the meal because of the person. / The person makes me eat the meal.
Superessive, singular: sibonvaath [si.bɔnˈvaːθ] on top of the harbor
Superessive, plural: sibonvaeth [siˈbɔn.væθ] on top of the harbors
Locative, singular: sibonvash [siˈbɔn.vaʃ] in the harbor
Locative, plural: sibonvaesh [siˈbɔn.væʃ] in the harbors
Subessive, singular: sibonvain [siˈbɔn.vajn] under the harbor
Subessive, plural: sibonvaen [siˈbɔn.væn] under the harbors
Proximative, singular: sibonvil [siˈbɔn.vɪl] near the harbor
Proximative, plural: sibonvael [siˈbɔn.væl] near the harbors
Allative, singular: sibonvauya [ˈsi.bɔn.vau.ja] to the harbor
Allative, plural: sibonvaeya [ˈsi.bɔn.væ.ja] to the harbors
Ablative, singular: sibonvuyen [ˈsi.bɔn.vu.jɛn] from the harbor
Ablative, plural: sibonvaeyen [ˈsi.bɔn.væ.jɛn] from the harbors
The standard sentence order is VSO; temporal clauses usually either go before the verb or after and anything pertaining to location usually comes after the subject.
It's getting late and I'm running out of time, so that's all for now. Questions, feedback?