The Phonology of Northwest Bermudan
The Phonemic Vowel Inventory
ɪ̈ exists in loanwords from other dialects.
Now, here is the Allophonic Inventory. Vowels which are part of one phoneme are colored the same.:
i y ɨ ʉ u
ɪ ʏ ɪ̈ ʊ̈
e ø ə ɵ o
ɛ ɜ ɞ ʌ
The Phonemic Consonant Inventory
p t k kʷ ʔ t͡s t͡ʃ f s ʃ h m n ŋ ʋ l j w
The Basic Bermudan Syllable structure is (C)V(V)(V)(C). /p/, /f/, and /s/ cannot occur in the coda, and /ŋ/ can only occur in the coda (when behaving as a consonant).
/m n ŋ l/ are syllabic consonants. If they are the nucleus, then they cannot be in any diphthong.
Bermudan has a two tone system, which contrasts high and low tone.
Bermudan has very unpredicatable stress patterns. Historically, Bermudan had rigorously initial stress, but due to major English influence, stress now follows English like patterns for many (although not all) words.
Bermudan has several important prosodic patterns.
-Words and topics are frequently emphasized. When this occurs, vowels are lengthened and become less centered.
-In interrogative clauses, the final word is said with a rising pitch.
Bermudan has two orthographies. The first was designed by missionaries in the 1800s, the second by the Bermuda Language Institute in 1953.
The Missionary Orthography
General Notes: The Missionary Orthography is very phonetic, with the exception of some high vowels, and imitates English spelling rules.
/i y ɪ ʏ e ø ə ɵ ɛ ɜ ɞ a ʌ o u/<ee öö i y ei ö ë ëo e ö er or a u o oo>
Diphtongs are usually not separated, creating ambiguity between /ɛ/+/ɪ/ and /e/. If necessary, a apostrophe can be used. A hiatus written with V-V.
/p t k kʷ ʔ t͡s t͡ʃ f s ʃ h m n ŋ ʋ l j w/<p t k kw q c ch f s sh h m n ng v l j w>
The digraphs <kw ch sh ng> are often written as <'k 'c 's 'g> intervocally and finally
The Institute Orthography
/i ʊ̈ e ə ɵ ɛ a ʌ o u/<i ü e ë ö y a v o u>
ɪ̈ does not exist in this dialect,but is written as i in the dialects that have it.
/p t k kʷ ʔ t͡s t͡ʃ f s ʃ h m n ŋ ʋ l j w/<p t k q ' c ch f s sh h m n ng v l j w>
<ch sh ng> can be shortened to <'c 's 'g>
"Wait for the starvation of glaciers, chicken hamburger Noel Weber Arthur."