I just made a little sentence in Vanga
, which might be funny to do, as it might contain some kind of causative or derived form of words like water
, or entirely different constructions like give water
or extinguish the thirst of
, and it also requires a temporal adverb or other means of expressing yesterday
. There is also the matter of possession, which can be very interesting to play with. Also how to solve number.
Vanga doesn't have nouns or adjectives. Only verbs. It does have personal pronouns, but those could be thought of as verbs with irregular endings, I guess.Vlnǽsid nújunuhnalji qĺajnimpi.I watered my flowers yesterday.
"When it was a day they flower for me I wetted them."be_day<PAST>-3PS.INANIM.TEMP.CONTR flower-3PP.ANIM-OBJ.1PS wet<PAST*>-1PS-OBJ.3PP
v<l>ń-As.Azid núj-[A>u]n[A>n]h-nAlji q(<l>)ĺ-Aj-nimpi
[ˈvŋ̩æːs̻ɪ ˈnʊːjʊnʊ̃htn̥aljɯ ˈqɫ̩ːaɪ̯jnɯm̥pɯ]
* For this particular verb, the past tense is actually the same as the present, so in reality, there is no change here.Now adding another similar translation challenge.
How about trying to figure out what to do with conjunctions and multiple possessions? Let's translate another sentence where not only flowers are watered, but also trees. Both the trees and the flowers belong to the first person singular. Will you mark possession twice or once? How will you handle the conjunction? Vanga:
Hóhnahnalji nújunuhhódo qĺajnimpi.I watered my trees and (my) flowers.
"They are trees for me they are flowers too I wetted them."be_tree-3PP.ANIM-OBJ.1PS flower-3PP.ANIM-CONJ wet<PAST*>-1PS-OBJ.3PP
heih-[A>u]n[A>n]h-nAlji núj-[A>u]n[A>n]h-ódo q(<l>)ĺ-Aj-nimpi
[ˈhɔːhtn̥ɑhtn̥ɑljɯ ˈnʊːjʊnʊɧːɔː ˈqɫ̩aɪ̯jnɯm̥pɯ]
This is potentially ambiguous and there is another way to do it.Hóhnahhaqqam nújunuhnalji qĺajnimpi."They are trees together with which they are flowers for me I wetted them."be_tree-3PP.ANIM-REL-INST flower-3PP.ANIM-OBJ.1PS wet<PAST*>-1PS-OBJ.3PP
heih-[A>u]n[A>n]h-Aq-2Am núj-[A>u]n[A>n]h-nAlji q(<l>)ĺ-Aj-nimpi
[ˈhɔːhtn̥ɑɧːɑqːɑm ˈnʊːjʊnʊ̃htn̥ɑljɯ ˈqɫ̩aɪ̯jnɯm̥pɯ]
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