Now that the unavoidable basics are past us, we can move on to actually learning the language!Part III:
Lesson 1: the Indicative Mood!
Aah, finally. The good stuff.
First, before diving headfirst into the magical world of Greenlandic verbs, let me tell you a little about them. Greenlandic verbs inflect by person (subject, object), polarity, and mood (nine moods, in fact: indicative, interrogative, imperative, optative, conjunctive, participial, past subordinative, future subordinative, and habitual subordinative). Everything else is highly productive derivation.
So with our first lesson we start with the most essential mood, the indicative! Basic! But so useful!
But you already knew that.Section 1: Intransitives
Let me just list some verbal roots that we can use.sinip
So how do we inflect these bad boys? Easy.
3s: Vuq (you know what this is supposed to be in actual Greenlandic! I believe in you!)
Greenlandic is an intensely pro-drop language. I'll cover when actual pronouns are used later on!
Remember when I said I'd cover capital letters standing for allomorphs when I come to them? Well, the time has come!
That capital V you see there has the following properties, two of which you already know:
(1) If the affix appears after a vowel, V is realized as <v> /v/.
(2) If the affix appears after a consonant, V is realized as <p> /p/.
(3) Whenever C1 is followed by C2 and is not /q/, C1 completely assimilates to C2, geminating C2.
(4) If the affix appears after <q> /q/ and starts with a consonant, the <q> /q/ is realized as <r> /ʁ/.
(5) When the subject is the third person plural, V is realized as <pp> /p:/ after a vowel and <p> /p/ after a consonant. (Thank you, Omzinesý!)
So where does that leave us? Let's see. Let's take neri
. How would that be conjugated? Take a guess before looking at the answer.
nerivunga "I eat"
nerivutit "thou eatest"
nerivoq "he/she/it eats"
nerivugut "we eat"
nerivusi "you eat"
neripput "they eat"
Okay, now, what about sinip
sinippunga "I sleep"
sinipputit "thou sleepest"
sinippoq "he/she/it sleeps"
sinippugut "we sleep"
sinippusi "you sleep"
sinipput "they sleep"
And finally atuaq
atuarpunga "I read"
atuarputit "thou readest"
atuarpoq "he/she/it reads"
atuarpugut "we read"
atuarpusi "you read"
atuarput "they read"
Think you can do some by yourself? Try masak
"be wet", taku
"see", and atsiq
"name". You can post the conjugations if you want.
Tune in next time for some hardcore indicative polypersonal agreement! Make sure you've memorized these endings before you start the next section.
This is my first set of lessons on anything ever, so please tell me what I can do better if you notice anything. Also I'm open to suggestions on what to include next.