Hello. Some of you may know me from the Conlang mailing list where I have made a minor appearance. Below is the description of my second conlang Veletan (my first is still quite bad and needs to be reworked). I intended this language to be relatively easy to speak for native English speakers while still being relatively distant from said English - specifically for myself and a group of friends. For this reason the language is not exactly naturalistic, but it isn't an auxlang either. The language also has no adpositions or correlatives or other such small words because I just despise them for no reason I can discern. Writing system:
Veletan has its own script which looks rather like Mongolian/Manchu script (see below)
Which is used for ceremonial documents and such, while the limitations of computers limit the language to a modified latin script for day-to-day stuff.Phonology:Phonotactics:
(Veletan is highly agglutinative)
Each root word is CVC and then the various declensions and such of the word are CC. Both types are separated by linking vowels which as the name suggests link root words and endings to each other. The linking vowels also can be used as "brackets" within a word. The normal order of roots within a word is that a root that comes before another is its modifier, while the endings are such that an ending that comes after another is its modifier. An example of a word with this basic root word order:
visuturuvo'tutl (a gift of a fraction of a circle)
Circle is the original root, part is what modifies it, and gift is what modifies the resulting circle-part. Other times the brackets are needed to go against this order. Consider the phrase "Bike lane". It would be translated as follows:
In this phrase brackets were needed to avoid a different meaning that would exist without these brackets.Grammar:
Veletan is ergative because ergative alignment is best alignment. It also has 19 cases, 8 aspects, 6 tenses, 7 word types (6 of which have their own endings), and 6 conjunctions (the logic gates). Together it has 45 endings (all CC), most of which can be combined with others on a word for extra meaning.
There is no gender.
There are no articles, but the proper noun ending jt often behaves like a definite one (this being said in hindsight).
The pronouns have inclusive vs exclusive distinction as well as a simple T-V distinction.
Verbs conjugate only for tense, aspect, and mood (the latter two are often optional), and nouns are declined according to case (and can have conjunctions attached as well).Syntax:
Word order is VSO and the language is head-final.Samples:
Tucujruvj r'omujruvj n'epuzmunpunj zo'gujc hizutl lerugz jululogugzuvj.
freedom.ADV.COM equality.ADV.COM life.PRES.INHC.PROG whole.CLAS person.ABS honour.COND abstraction.requirement.COND.COM
'All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.'
Tar'uzm ro'tugm gamujcutlun'c sorutl?
have.PRES you-superior.ERG big.CLAS.ABS.(interrogative) year.ABS
How old are you?
Any feedback, negative or positive, is appreciated, and questions as well. I would very much be interested in knowing which parts of my language are boring/bad and need improvement, and which are interesting/unusual.